Spontaneous Pneumothorax

Spontaneous pneumothorax is a sudden collection of air or gas in the chest that causes the lung to collapse in the absence of a traumatic injury to the chest or lung.  Usually, a distinction is made between a spontaneous (primary) pneumothorax, and secondary (complicated) pneumothorax.

SPONTANEOUS (PRIMARY) PNEUMOTHORAX Spontaneous pneumothorax occurs in individuals with no known lung disease.  It affects close to 9,000 persons in the United States each year- most often among tall, thin men between 20 and 40 years old.  The cause of this type of pneumothorax is the rupture of a bleb or cyst in the lung.

Symptoms include:

  • Chest pain on affected side
  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
  • Cough
  • Abnormal breathing movement
  • Rapid respiratory rate

    Spontaneous pneumothorax is diagnosed by chest radiographs. The way the condition is treated is dependant on its size and course.  The objective of treatment is to remove the air from the pleural space, allowing the lung to reexpand.  A small pneumothorax will resolve on its own in 1 to 2 weeks.  Larger pneumothoraxes require either needle aspiration or a chest tube.  Hospitalization is required for chest tube management as the reexpansion of the lung may take several days with the chest tube left in place.  Surgery may be performed for a repeated episode to prevent recurrence.

    source: American Lung Association


    0 Responses to “Spontaneous Pneumothorax”

    1. Leave a Comment

    Leave a Reply

    Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

    WordPress.com Logo

    You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

    Twitter picture

    You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

    Facebook photo

    You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

    Google+ photo

    You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

    Connecting to %s

    December 2008
    S M T W T F S
    « Nov   Jan »

    Twitter Updates

    Error: Twitter did not respond. Please wait a few minutes and refresh this page.

    Patsy Burnette's Facebook profile
    Help end world hunger

    Psalm 19:1-3

    "The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork...There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard."

    Blog Stats

    • 99,462 hits

    %d bloggers like this: